Head injury is any trauma to the head that can cause serious damage to the scalp, skull or brain. Head injury-- also termed as brain injury and traumatic brain injury (TBI) -- is often a result of accident, physical assault, a medical error or a sports injury. Minor head injuries are very common among the children specifically toddlers while playing, running, and walking. BUT, if the injury is serious, then it can be devastating and may rapidly change the entire life of a person.
Head injury can be external or internal and every head injury doesn’t necessarily cause brain injury. It depends upon the severity of the head injury. If injury is intense then it may cause brain injury or traumatic brain injury (TBI). Different types of head injury include:
- Concussion-- Injury to the head area that may cause instant loss of awareness or alertness for a few minutes to hours.
- Skull fracture— It is the break/fracture in the skull bone and a skull fracture can be a linear skull fractures, depressed skull fractures, diastatic and basilar skull fractures.
- Intracranial hematoma (ICH) — This ranges from mild head injuries to quite serious and potentially life-threatening injuries.
The following specific problems may arise due to head injury that includes:
- Skull breakage
- Hemorrhage of the skin due to lacerations to the scalp
- A bruise of the brain
- A temporary loss of function due to head trauma (concussion)
- A severe head injury/severe head trauma may cause coma or death
However, the symptoms of brain injury are largely dependent upon the intensity of injury. Thus, counting on severity of head trauma, some patients of head trauma recuperate and some do not. In the best cases, a patient will recover completely and in worst cases there is no recovery beyond opening their eyes. The common symptoms are coma, confusion, personality change, drowsiness, seizures, headache, nausea etc.
If the injured head is left untreated, it may result in death of the victim. Sometimes, the victims of head trauma can become unconscious for an hour or more which increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease in the later part of life. Head injuries are potentially dangerous and life threatening and due to severe head trauma patient could die. Hence, medical treatment is necessary which will prevent the worsening of symptoms and lead towards betterment.
Head injury treatment varies broadly depending upon the type and severity of the problem. Above all, medical treatment is quite expensive. And, if your head injury is caused by automobile accidents, home and occupational accidents, falls, assaults, or due to medical malpractice etc, then you need head injury attorney who can assist you in obtaining the appropriate compensation. Brain trauma lawyers are experts of head injury law and assist in providing adequate compensation. They will also consult with doctors to identify the scope of injury and obtain settlements and verdicts which include compensation for brain injury rehabilitation, hospitalization, lost wages and other various support services for the injured person’s family. An experienced attorney can really assist you to get adequate compensations, if you or loved ones have sustained such injury through the negligence of another.